Depending upon the type of glaucoma, there are several ways to treat this series of disease; unfortunately there is no cure for glaucoma. One of the most common forms of open angle glaucoma treatment is the use of medications, most specifically, topical eye drops. Other treatments include pills, laser surgery or other forms of surgery.
For patients who have been diagnosed with narrow angle glaucoma, a simple laser surgery may be recommended: a laser peripheral iridotomy. During this in-office (out-patient) procedure, a small hole is created in the iris. This microscopic hole allows for another route for the aqueous fluid to enter the anterior chamber, and allows the iris to fall away from the drainage angle.
As with any surgical procedure, there are some risks to Laser Peripheral Iridotomy. However, the risks of the procedure are minimal and if the procedure is recommended, the benefit of the procedure in reducing the risk of angle closure glaucoma outweighs the risk of the procedure. Some of the risks include blurred vision, slight bleeding or inflammation within the eye. Some people notice a twinkle or flicker of light or shadow image after the procedure. These symptoms can arise from the side effect of light entering the small hole in the iris. This side effect of the procedure is very unusual. Occasionally, the procedure needs to be repeated if the iridotomy heals over.